Dementia

What is dementia?

Dementia is characterised by significant cognitive impairment. Symptoms include memory impairment, aphasia (impaired language functioning), apraxia (aberrant movement), agnosia (inability to identify objects, people, sound or smell), and impaired executive functioning (for example, the ability to think abstractly, plan, initiate or stop actions). Other symptoms include behavioural disturbances, anxiety, apathy, delirium, and mood and sleep disturbances. Bipolar disorder is also often associated with cognitive and functional decline however, people with dementia show greater cognitive impairment.

What is the evidence for dementia in people with bipolar disorder?

Moderate to low quality evidence suggests a medium-sized increased risk of dementia in people with bipolar disorder.

April 2019

Last updated at: 10:11 pm, 14th May 2019
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