Parental psychological factors

How do parental psychological factors relate to risk for bipolar disorder?

Exposure to parental psychological factors in utero and after birth may be linked to risk of bipolar disorder in the offspring. However, studies investigating the relationship between parental psychological factors and bipolar disorder have yielded inconsistent findings.

What is the evidence for parental psychological factors during pregnancy?

Moderate to low quality evidence suggests an increased risk of bipolar disorder in the offspring of mothers who were exposed to war stress during pregnancy. There was no association with exposure to maternal bereavement stress in utero.

April 2019

Last updated at: 4:23 am, 4th April 2019
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