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What is dissociation?

Dissociation is described as disruption or discontinuity in the normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control, or behaviour. Common dissociative experiences include mild forms of absorption, such as daydreaming. Less common and more severe dissociative experiences include amnesia, derealisation, depersonalisation, and fragmentation of identity. Dissociative features may play a role in the pathology of schizophrenia.

What is the evidence for dissociation?

Moderate to high quality evidence suggests a large increased rate of dissociation in people with schizophrenia compared to healthy controls.

Moderate to low quality evidence suggests less dissociation in people with schizophrenia than people with dissociative disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, or conversion disorder. Similar rates of dissociation were found between schizophrenia and somatic symptom disorder, substance or addictive disorders, eating disorders, and affective disorders.


July 2018

Page last updated: 5:45  28 July 2018

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