Sex differences

How are sex differences related to PTSD?

Sex differences have been reported in people with PTSD, including differences in rates of onset following exposure to a traumatic event. While exposure to potentially traumatic events is common for both men and women, men have an increased risk of trauma exposure, but women are more likely to develop PTSD. This can change according to the type of trauma. For example, women are more likely to develop PTSD after exposure to a natural disaster while men are more likely to develop PTSD after exposure to sexual assault. Moreover, no sex differences have been found in the rates of PTSD in veterans exposed to combat.

What is the evidence for sex differences in people with PTSD?

Moderate to high quality evidence found a medium-sized effect that girls were more likely to develop PTSD symptoms than males following exposure to a death of a parent, sibling, or close friend. We did not find any other reviews regarding sex differences in people with PTSD.

August 2021

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Last updated at: 5:00 am, 31st July 2021
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