Adult life events

What are adult life events?

Life events that occur during adulthood are defined as particularly significant experiences that result in substantial changes to personal circumstances. These changes may be positive or they may be negative changes and can occur across all aspects of life, including health, education, employment, relationships, bereavement, housing, legal, and financial issues.

What is the evidence for adult life events as risk factors for schizophrenia?

Moderate quality evidence finds a medium-sized increase in recent adverse life events in people with psychosis compared to people without psychosis, measured between 3 months and 3.6 years prior. Conversely, moderate to low quality evidence finds a small increase in prevalence, and a medium to large increase in incidence, of subclinical psychotic symptoms in people reporting prior exposure to stress and trauma. There was also a medium-sized increase in perceived stress in people assessed as being at ultra high-risk for psychosis; those with attenuated psychotic symptoms or brief and limited intermittent psychotic symptoms, genetic risk, and functional deterioration.

March 2019

Last updated at: 4:53 am, 16th March 2019
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