Topics tagged with "Fire"

Prevalence in disaster survivors

What is prevalence of PTSD in disaster survivors? Prevalence represents the overall proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder of interest. It is different from incidence, which represents only the new cases that have developed over a particular time period. Point prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have the disorder at a given point in time. Period prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have the disorder over specific time periods. Lifetime prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have ever had the disorder. Lifetime morbid risk includes those who had the disorder but were deceased at…

Incidence in disaster survivors

What is incidence of PTSD in disaster survivors? The incidence of PTSD refers to how many new cases there are per population in a specified time-period after exposure to a traumatic event. It is different from prevalence, which represents how many overall cases exist. This topic presents the evidence on incidence rates in disaster survivors. What is the evidence for the incidence of PTSD in disaster survivors? Moderate quality evidence finds the incidence rate of PTSD after a flood is around 16%. Incidence rates are highest within six months after exposure and in people who experience severe flood intensity. The incidence…

Disasters and PTSD

Disasters

How are disasters related to risk of PTSD? Exposure to at least one trauma is required for a diagnosis of PTSD. The latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) determines direct traumas as threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence. Indirect traumas include witnessing the trauma, or learning that a relative or close friend was exposed to a trauma. Differences in trauma characteristics, including the severity and type of exposure, can affect the risk of developing PTSD. Personal characteristics such as age and sex also influence risk. What is the evidence for PTSD in…

NeuRA Libraries

Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.