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Topics tagged with "Herpes"

Infectious agents

How are infectious agents related to schizophrenia? This topic summarises the available evidence on markers of earlier infection (antibodies) in adults with schizophrenia. The Herpesviridae are a family of viruses which cause latent, recurring, and sometimes lifelong infections. These include Herpes simplex virus (HHV1 & 2) which causes oral and/or genital herpes; the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV,HHV3) which causes chicken pox, shingles and rarely, encephalitis; the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV, HHV4) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV, HHV5) which cause neurological complications; and the Herpes lymphotropic virus (HHV6), which causes roseola (skin rash and fever). Borna Disease Virus (BDV) is the key causative component…

Infectious agents

How are infectious agents relevant to schizophrenia? Exposure to infection in utero is often cited as a risk factor for schizophrenia. Much focus is given to the influenza virus, despite studies yielding inconsistent findings. This topic summarises the available evidence for the risk of developing schizophrenia following exposure to influenza and other infectious agents, both before and after birth. The physiological mechanisms of any association of these infectious agents with schizophrenia are largely unclear. Also see the topic in Physical Features on markers for infectious agents in adults with schizophrenia. What is the evidence for infectious agents as risk factors…

Maternal illness during pregnancy

How is maternal illness during pregnancy relevant to people with schizophrenia? Maternal illness during pregnancy with diabetes, toxoplasma gondii, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex virus and other microbes have been associated with brain and behavioural abnormalities in the offspring, and so have been investigated as possible risk factors for schizophrenia. What is the evidence for exposure to maternal illness during pregnancy as a risk factor for schizophrenia? High quality evidence finds a small effect of increased risk of schizophrenia in the offspring of women with increased c-reactive protein levels during pregnancy. Moderate to high quality evidence suggests small effects of increased…

NeuRA Libraries

Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.