Topics tagged with "Schizophrenia and autism"

Intellectual and learning disabilities

What is intellectual disability?  An intellectual disability is impaired intelligence that is measured by an IQ lower than 70. Intellectual disabilities usually present during the first eighteen years of life and may also be known as an intellectual handicap, developmental disability or learning disability. Down Syndrome and Fragile X Syndrome are common causes of intellectual disabilities. It has been suggested that there is an increased risk of psychotic disorders in people with an intellectual disability. Antipsychotic medication is most commonly used to treat people with schizophrenia and intellectual disability, however there is often concern about the detrimental effects of antipsychotics…

Autism spectrum disorders

What are autism spectrum disorders? Autism spectrum disorders are neurodevelopmental conditions characterised by problems in social interaction and communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviours. Symptoms usually appear before three years of age, but can appear later. Autism spectrum disorders are often associated intellectual disability, however average-IQ is frequent. What is the evidence for comorbid autism spectrum disorders? Moderate to high quality evidence finds the prevalence rate of schizophrenia spectrum disorders in adults with an autism spectrum disorder and with an IQ over 70, is around 6.4%. This is higher than general population rates of schizophrenia (around 1%). Similarly, moderate quality evidence…

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