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Topics tagged with "Schizophrenia and crime"

Treatments for aggression and agitation

How is aggression and agitation relevant to schizophrenia? Agitation and/or aggression are sometimes observed during a psychiatric emergency such as in onset of acute psychosis. Agitation typically includes irritability and restlessness, motor or verbal hyperactivity, uncooperativeness, and occasionally aggressive gestures or behaviour. This can pose a risk both to the individual, as well as the attending health care professionals, and so is important to manage this behaviour and prevent potential harm. What is the evidence for treatments for aggression and agitation? Moderate quality evidence found a small to medium-sized effect of less hostility with second-generation antipsychotics compared to first-generation antipsychotics,…

Criminal offending, aggression and violence

How is criminal offending, aggression and violence related to schizophrenia?  Criminal offending covers a wide range of behaviours from destructive acts, stealing, sexual assaults, to physical assaults causing injury or death. The majority of people with schizophrenia will never commit a crime, however the few who do may help perpetuate a negative public stereotype that schizophrenia is associated with violent behaviour. It is difficult to determine whether any criminal acts committed by people with schizophrenia are a consequence of the illness or are traits of the particular individual. This is confounded by the fact that people with schizophrenia may be…

Criminal victimisation

What is criminal victimisation?  Criminal victimisation refers to a person being the victim of a violent crime (rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated or simple assault) or a property crime (burglary and theft). People with a severe mental illness may be at higher risk of criminal victimisation. This may be a result of possible cognitive impairment (e.g. poor reality testing, judgment, social skills, planning, and problem solving), and sometimes compromised social situations (e.g. poverty, unemployment, homelessness, and social isolation). What is the evidence for criminal victimisation? Moderate quality evidence found increased rates of criminal victimisation in people with schizophrenia compared…

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