Topics tagged with "Schizophrenia and diet"


How is diet related to schizophrenia? People with mental disorders may be at increased risk of nutritional deficiencies due to poor diet. Poor diet is a major and modifiable cause of comorbid conditions, including metabolic syndrome and obesity. During pregnancy, it also contributes to the risk of developmental problems in the foetus. What is the evidence regarding diet ? Moderate to low quality evidence finds poor dietary patterns in people with schizophrenia, including decreased fibre and fruit intake, and increased energy, sodium and saturated fat intake compared to people without a mental disorder. People with schizophrenia may have high LDL…

Essential fatty acids

How are essential fatty acids used for schizophrenia? A supplementary, or adjunctive, treatment is administered in conjunction with a patient’s ongoing antipsychotic therapy, in an attempt to treat symptoms or improve functions that are not addressed by the antipsychotic alone. One important group of compounds that have been suggested as an adjunctive therapy are the essential fatty acids (EFAs). The two main EFAs are omega-3 and omega-6. They are important compounds for brain function, as they have impact on membrane receptors, ion channels synapse function, and neuronal development. However, they are not made in the body and must be sourced…

Maternal diet and body mass index

How are maternal diet and body mass index relevant to risk for schizophrenia? Consumption of a balanced diet and maintaining healthy weight during pregnancy aids the development of a healthy fetus. This may act as a preventative factor for the development of schizophrenia in adulthood. What is the evidence for maternal diet and body mass index? Moderate quality evidence suggests a small effect of increased risk of schizophrenia in adulthood after exposure to famine in utero. There are also medium-sized effects of increased risk of schizophrenia in offspring of mothers with low retinol levels during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy,…

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