Topics tagged with "Schizophrenia and relationships"

Family relationships

How is schizophrenia impacted by family relationships? Several familial traits have been associated with increased risk for schizophrenia. These include; familial high expressed emotion (hostility, emotional over-involvement, and critical comments); negative parental affective style (guilt induction, over-intrusiveness, and personal criticism); and communication deviance (lack of clarity in communication). What is the evidence for family relationships? Moderate quality evidence finds people with schizophrenia may have had poor relationships with parents during childhood, with increased family instability, high communication deviance, negative emotions, and poor self-concept. Moderate to high quality evidence suggests increased familial expressed emotion is related to more relapses in patients….

Family relationships

How are family relationships relevant to schizophrenia? Familial expressed emotion involving hostility, emotional over-involvement and critical comments has been associated with increased psychotic relapse in people with schizophrenia, so these traits may contribute to the development of psychotic symptoms in vulnerable individuals. Negative parental affective style involving guilt induction, over-intrusiveness and personal criticism, and a lack of clarity in communication may also contribute to increased risk of schizophrenia. What is the evidence for family relationships? Moderate quality evidence suggests a large effect of high communication deviance (lack of clarity) in parents of people with schizophrenia. Moderate to low quality evidence…

Treatments for sexual dysfunction

How is sexual dysfunction relevant to schizophrenia?  One side effect of some antipsychotic medications is sexual dysfunction. Sexual dysfunction can take many forms, affecting both men and women, and can have far-reaching implications on self-esteem, quality of life, and relationships. It also considerably reduces medication compliance. Adjunct medications prescribed to treat such side effects increases adherence to antipsychotic medications, which can reduce the risk of psychotic relapse. What is the evidence on adjunctive therapies for sexual dysfunction?  Moderate to low quality evidence suggests sildenafil may improve sexual functioning in males with schizophrenia October 2020

Marital status

How is marital status related to schizophrenia? Being married can increase the extent and intensity of relationships, as well as increase feelings of reciprocity and sharing; all of which have been linked to a decreased risk of developing schizophrenia. Conversely, being married can increase stress, particularly if there are problems in the marriage, and stress has been linked to an increased risk of schizophrenia. What is the evidence for marital status? Moderate quality evidence suggests a small increased rate of subclinical psychotic symptoms in people who are not married compared to people who are married. There is also increased rates…


How are relationships impacted by schizophrenia? Schizophrenia can have an intrusive effect on personal relationships, social interactions and on libido. For people with schizophrenia who experience difficulty forming and maintaining relationships, this may be a direct consequence of the disorder and its debilitating symptoms. Investigations have found that cognitive deficits experienced by many people with schizophrenia, including impairments in social perception and emotional recognition, may also pose hindrance to the formation of meaningful relationships. Antipsychotic medication has also been shown to impact on sexual function. What is the evidence on relationships? Moderate to high quality evidence finds a medium-sized association…

Reproductive and urological disorders

How are reproductive and urological dysfunction related to schizophrenia?  People with schizophrenia may show increased rates of co-occurring conditions. These may include disorders of the reproductive organs or urological diseases. What is the evidence for comorbid reproductive and urological dysfunction? Moderate to low quality evidence suggests males (but not females) have increased risk of mortality due to urogenital disease compared to people without schizophrenia. There are also increased rates of obstetric complications in mothers with schizophrenia. June 2020

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