Cost

What are treatment costs? 

The burden of schizophrenia includes direct costs, indirect costs, and intangible costs. Direct costs are estimated by the amount of services used and the price of treatment. Indirect costs are estimated by the averaged reduced future earnings of both patients and caregivers. Intangible costs are those that may be associated with the illness, such as trauma and depression. This topic presents the current evidence on the direct costs of psychosocial treatments. For information on the global costs of schizophrenia, please see the Population Burden and Pharmaceutical Treatment Cost topics.

What is the evidence for the costs of psychosocial treatments?

Low quality evidence is unclear as to the cost effectiveness of psychosocial treatments. Review authors conclude that economic evaluations are few and generally poor in quality; further research is needed.

 

February 2017

Cost

What are treatment costs? 

The burden of schizophrenia includes direct costs, indirect costs, and intangible costs. Direct costs are estimated by the amount of services used and the price of treatment. Indirect costs are estimated by the averaged reduced future earnings of both patients and caregivers. Intangible costs are those that may be associated with the illness, such as trauma and depression. This topic presents evidence on direct pharmaceutical costs, including cost of drug treatments and related mental health care services. For more information on the global costs of schizophrenia, please see the population perspective Burden topic and the psychosocial treatment cost topic.

What is the evidence for the costs of treating schizophrenia?

Moderate or moderate to low quality evidence suggests the cost of olanzapine is lower than haloperidol, but higher than risperidone. The cost of risperidone is also lower than fluphenazine, haloperidol, or other first generation antipsychotics. The cost of clozapine is lower than first generation antipsychotics including haloperidol and chlorpromazine, and mental healthcare and total healthcare costs of clozapine may be higher than risperidone. The cost of trifluoperazine alone, or in addition to individual psychotherapy, is lower than electroshock or milieu treatments.

 

February 2017