Our response to COVID-19

We're supporting people to maintain their wellbeing and manage isolation.

Topics tagged with "Schizophrenia emergency care"

Treatments for aggression and agitation

How is aggression and agitation relevant to schizophrenia? Agitation and/or aggression are sometimes observed during a psychiatric emergency such as in onset of acute psychosis. Agitation typically includes irritability and restlessness, motor or verbal hyperactivity, uncooperativeness, and occasionally aggressive gestures or behaviour. This can pose a risk both to the individual, as well as the attending health care professionals, and so is important to manage this behaviour and prevent potential harm. What is the evidence for treatments for aggression and agitation? Moderate quality evidence found a small to medium-sized effect of less hostility with second-generation antipsychotics compared to first-generation antipsychotics,…

Physical restraint

What is physical restraint?  The management of acutely disturbed patients poses a challenge for mental health services. Some patients may be suicidal while others may pose a danger to staff or other patients. The challenge is to maintain the safety of all patients and staff, while providing a therapeutic environment. Management techniques for dealing with patients who become excessively agitated, aggressive, or violent may include the use of physical restraint, seclusion or containment. What is the evidence for physical restraint ? Moderate to low quality evidence suggests prevalence rates of restraint vary across countries, from 3.8% of patient admissions in…

Crisis intervention

What are crisis interventions?  People with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia may be in need of emergency care at some stage in their illness, particularly in the early stages. Crisis intervention is a treatment model designed to offer intensive crisis-focused treatment to people living in the community, and is usually provided in the context of home-based care. Crisis intervention programs comprise teams of specialist staff who often provide 24-hour availability of support. This may be a mobile treatment, a dedicated unit based in a hospital or day centre, or a residential. What is the evidence for crisis interventions? Moderate…

NeuRA Libraries

Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.