What is dementia in bipolar disorder?

Dementia is characterised by significant cognitive impairment. Symptoms include memory impairment, aphasia (impaired language functioning), apraxia (aberrant movement), agnosia (inability to identify objects, people, sound or smell), and impaired executive functioning (for example, the ability to think abstractly, plan, initiate or stop actions). Other symptoms include behavioural disturbances, anxiety, apathy, delirium, and mood and sleep disturbances.

What is the evidence for dementia in people with bipolar disorder?

Moderate quality evidence funds a medium-sized increased risk of dementia in people with the disorder compared to people without the disorder. Moderate to high quality evidence finds a medium-sized decreased risk of dementia in people with the disorder who are taking lithium compared to those not taking lithium.

October 2021

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Last updated at: 2:44 am, 25th October 2021
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Tags:  Dementia

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