What is P300 event-related potential?

The P300 wave is an event-related brain potential measured using electroencephalography (EEG). P300 refers to a spike in activity approximately 300ms following presentation of the target stimulus, which is alternated with standard stimuli to create an ‘oddball’ paradigm, which is most commonly auditory. In this paradigm, the subject must respond only to the infrequent target stimulus rather than the frequent standard stimulus. The amplitude of the P300 response is proportional to the amount of attentional resource devoted to the task and the degree of information processing required, while the latency is considered a measure of stimulus classification speed, unrelated to behavioural response time.

What is the evidence on P300 event-related potential?

Moderate to high quality evidence suggests medium to large effects of reduced P300 amplitude and increased/delayed P300 latency in people with schizophrenia, and in non-psychotic relatives of people with schizophrenia when compared to controls. When comparing people with schizophrenia to non-psychotic relatives, there is a small effect of greater reduction in P300 amplitude and increased latency in people with schizophrenia. There was a greater reduction in amplitude in medication-free patients than in medicated patients, while latency increases were similar. Moderate quality evidence suggests the highest magnitude of difference was reported in electrodes corresponding to the parietal cortex, and was lateralised to the left hemisphere, with highest magnitude around the left temporal lobe. Increases in task difficulty may increase the effect size.

October 2020

Last updated at: 10:15 pm, 29th October 2020
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