Menopause

What is menopause

Menopause is a natural phase of life for women, marked by hormonal change on average at around 51 years of age, with earlier onset being associated with greater physical symptom severity and poorer psychosocial functioning. Mood symptoms are known to be common throughout the menopause transition period.

Women living with a chronic mental illness may experience increased or additional symptoms during menopause. Women with bipolar disorder may be at a particularly increased risk of exacerbation of symptoms, given the episodic nature of the condition and the variety of factors that trigger episodes such as sleep disruptions and stressful life events.

What is the evidence on the effects of menopause in women with bipolar disorder?

Moderate to low quality evidence suggests menopause, particularly in the later stages, is associated with worsening mood symptoms in about half of women with bipolar disorder.

April 2019

Last updated at: 4:47 am, 5th April 2019
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