Cognition in children with bipolar disorder

How are cogntive deficits relevant to childhood bipolar disorder?

Deficits across various cognitive domains are a common feature of bipolar disorder, and are strongly associated with difficulties in activities of daily living. Early age at onset of the illness is associated with more severe symptoms and poor prognosis than later age at onset, and cognitive deficits in children with the disorder may also differ from those observed in older patients. Identifying cognitive deficits in children with bipolar disorder contributes to the development of specific treatments and rehabilitation approaches.

What is the evidence for cognitive deficits in childhood bipolar disorder?

Moderate quality evidence suggests large impairments in global cognition, verbal and visual learning and memory, and working memory in youth with bipolar disorder compared to youth without bipolar disorder of similar age (average 13 years) and IQ (average 104).

There were no impairments found in attention/vigilance, reasoning and problem solving, and processing speed.

March 2019

Last updated at: 1:08 am, 31st March 2019
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