Metabolic syndrome

What is metabolic syndrome?

People with mental disorders often have increased rates of physical disorders, including metabolic syndrome. This syndrome is a risk factor for diabetes and cardiovascular diseases and is defined as a clustering of at least three abnormalities including obesity, high blood pressure, high blood triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and insulin resistance. Any increased risk of metabolic syndrome in people with PTSD may be the result of unhealthy lifestyle factors, genetics, and factors associated with having PTSD such as medication effect.

What is the evidence for metabolic syndrome in people with PTSD?

High quality evidence finds a small to medium-sized increased risk of metabolic syndrome and its components in people with PTSD compared to general population rates. This effect was found regardless of age, gender, geographic region, setting or population (war veterans or other).

August 2021

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Last updated at: 5:09 am, 3rd August 2021
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