What are trauma characteristics?

For a person to be diagnosed with PTSD, at least one stressor is required. Stressors as determined by the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) include being exposed to threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence. Examples are direct exposure, witnessing the trauma, or learning that a relative or close friend was exposed to a trauma. Stressors can also be encountered in the course of professional duties. Differences in trauma characteristics, along with differences in personal characteristics, may affect the risk of developing PTSD.

What is the evidence for risk of PTSD in prisoners?

High quality evidence finds a medium-sized association between increased number of potentially traumatic events (e.g., victimisation, abuse, solitary confinement, coercion) and increased PTSD symptoms in prisoners.

Moderate quality evidence finds the prevalence of PTSD in adolescent males in detention centres is 8.6% and 18.2% in adolescent females in detention centres.

August 2021

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Last updated at: 5:36 am, 5th August 2021
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