Anxiety disorders

What are anxiety disorders?

Anxiety disorders include generalised anxiety disorder, which is characterised by continuous and excessive worrying for six months or more. Specific phobias are characterised by anxiety provoked by a feared object/situation, resulting in avoidance. Social phobia is anxiety provoked by social or performance situations, and agoraphobia is anxiety about situations where escape may be difficult or help might not be available. Panic disorder is often the most debilitating anxiety disorder, involving recurring panic attacks which are distinct periods where a person experiences sudden apprehension and fearfulness, where they may present to services with shortness of breath, palpitations, chest pain or choking.

What is the evidence for rates of anxiety disorders in people with schizophrenia?

Moderate quality evidence suggests the rate of any anxiety disorder in people with schizophrenia is around 38% compared to around 18% in the general population. In people with schizophrenia, the rate of social phobia is around 14.9%, generalised anxiety disorder is around 10.9%, panic disorder is around 9.8%, specific phobias are around 7.9%, and agoraphobia is around 5.4%.

April 2019

Last updated at: 1:15 am, 23rd April 2019
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