What is dissociation?

Dissociation is described as disruption or discontinuity in the normal integration of consciousness, memory, identity, emotion, perception, body representation, motor control, or behaviour. Common dissociative experiences include mild forms of absorption, such as daydreaming. Less common and more severe dissociative experiences include amnesia, derealisation, depersonalisation, and fragmentation of identity. Dissociative features may play a role in the pathology of schizophrenia.

What is the evidence for dissociation?

Moderate to high quality evidence finds more dissociation in people with schizophrenia than controls.

Moderate quality evidence finds a medium-sized association between childhood adversity and dissociation.

Moderate to low quality evidence finds less dissociation in people with schizophrenia than people with dissociative disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, borderline personality disorder, or conversion disorder.

July 2019

Last updated at: 1:56 am, 11th July 2019
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Fact Sheet Technical Commentary
Tags:  Dissociation

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