Topics tagged with "Executive functioning"

Executive functioning

What is executive functioning in PTSD? Executive functions are a group of cognitive processes including control, mental flexibility, planning, inhibition, decision-making, initiation, abstraction, self-monitoring, and pursuit of goals. Executive functions are important in situations involving error correction and behaviour evaluation in response to environmental feedback. What is the evidence for executive functioning? Moderate to high quality evidence found poorer executive functioning in adults and children with PTSD compared to people without the disorder who were, or who were not, exposed to trauma. There were no significant associations between symptom severity and executive functioning. August 2021 Image: ©Gajus – stock.adobe.com

Episodic future thinking

What is episodic future thinking in PTSD? Episodic future thinking may be disrupted in people with PTSD. It refers to thought processes that contribute to the mental construction, imagination, or simulation of possible future events. Episodic future thinking plays a role in planning, problem-solving, coping, regulating emotional states and goal-motivated behaviour. What is the evidence for episodic future thinking in people with PTSD? Moderate to low quality evidence found no differences in episodic future thinking between people with PTSD and people without PTSD. August 2021 Image: ©Preechar Bowonkitwanchai – stock.adobe.com

Executive functioning

What is executive functioning in bipolar disorder? Executive functions are a group of cognitive processes including control, mental flexibility, planning, inhibition, decision-making, initiation, abstraction, self-monitoring and pursuit of goals. Executive functions are important in situations involving error correction and behaviour evaluation in response to environmental feedback Executive functioning is most commonly measured using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST). This task requires the ability to shift cognitive sets. Study participants are told to match stimulus cards containing varying coloured shapes, based first on colour, then quantity, then design. The participant is then given additional cards and asked to match each…

NeuRA Libraries

Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.