Topics tagged with "Impulsivity"

Problem gambling

Prevalence in problem gamblers

What is prevalence of bipolar disorder in problem gamblers? Prevalence represents the overall proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder of interest. It is different from incidence, which represents only the new cases that have developed over a particular time period. Point prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder at a given point in time (e.g., at one-month post-trauma), while period prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder over specific time periods (e.g., one to two months post-trauma). Lifetime prevalence is the proportion of individuals…

Prevalence in problem gamblers

What is prevalence of PTSD in problem gamblers? Prevalence represents the overall proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder of interest. It is different from incidence, which represents only the new cases that have developed over a particular time period. Point prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have the disorder at a given point in time. Period prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have the disorder over specific time periods. Lifetime prevalence is the proportion of individuals who have ever had the disorder. Lifetime morbid risk also includes those who had the disorder but were deceased…

Impulsivity-related disorders

What are impulsivity-related disorders in bipolar disorder? Impulsivity-related disorders include intermittent explosive disorder characterised by uncontrolled fits of extreme anger and violence, pyromania characterised by irresistible urges to light fires, kleptomania characterised by irresistible urges to steal, and conduct disorder characterised by repetitive and persistent behaviours that violate societal rules and the basic rights of other people. Related disorders include; trichotillomania characterised by uncontrollable hair twisting and pulling, skin-picking disorder, pathological gambling, compulsive sexual behaviour and exhibitionism, compulsive buying, internet addiction, video or computer game addiction, food addiction, work addiction, tanning addiction and physical exercise addiction. What is the evidence…

Decision making

What is decision making in bipolar disorder? Decision making involves using knowledge and experience to choose a course of action. A person’s ability to autonomously make decisions is referred to as their decisional capacity. Effective decision making increases the likelihood of a favourable outcome by selecting responses that avoid unfavourable or harmful outcomes. People with bipolar disorder may show altered decision making and impairments in their capacity to provide informed consent to treatment. People with impaired decisional capacity may not be able to understand information relating to the decision; appreciate the significance of the information and apply the information to…

Impulsivity

What is impulsivity in bipolar disorder? Impulsivity is a predisposition towards unplanned reactions to internal or external stimuli, without regard to the consequences. Impulsivity is a major feature in a variety of psychiatric disorders, and is a common feature of manic episodes. It may also be present during remission/euthymia and during depression phases of the disorder. What is the evidence for impulsivity? Moderate to high quality evidence found medium-sized effects of more impulsivity on tasks assessing response inhibition, delayed gratification, attention, decision making, and risk-taking in people with bipolar disorder compared to controls. Increases in impulsivity were found in all…

NeuRA Libraries

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