Topics tagged with "Memory"


Negative thoughts and mood

What are negative thoughts and mood in PTSD? For a diagnosis of PTSD, there needs to be at least two “negative alterations in cognitions and mood”. These include negative thoughts or feelings that began or worsened after the trauma, an inability to recall key features of the trauma, overly negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself or the world, exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma, negative affect (e.g., fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame), decreased interest in activities, feeling isolated, and difficulty experiencing positive affect. What is the evidence for negative thoughts and mood in PTSD? Moderate…


What is memory in PTSD? Memory involves encoding, storage and retrieval of information. Short-term memory is the ability to remember information after several seconds or minutes; and long-term memory is the ability to remember information over a longer duration. Semantic memory is memory for general facts, episodic memory is memory for personal events, prospective memory is memory for future actions, and retrospective memory is memory for past events. Working memory involves information being temporarily held as well as manipulated. What is the evidence for memory in PTSD? Moderate quality evidence finds small to medium-sized effects of poorer memory in people…

Intrusions in PTSD


What are intrusion symptoms in PTSD? Intrusions are core symptoms of PTSD, with at least one intrusion symptom being required for a diagnosis. Intrusion symptoms include unwanted and upsetting memories, nightmares, flashbacks, and emotional distress and/or physical reactivity after exposure to reminders. What is the evidence for intrusions in people with PTSD? Moderate to low quality evidence finds five clusters of intrusion symptoms; distressing memories, distressing dreams, flashbacks, emotional cue distress, and physiological cue reactivity. Items relating to distressing memories Disturbing memories kept coming into my mind. I found myself remembering bad things that happened to me. Upsetting thoughts kept…

NeuRA Libraries

Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.