Topics tagged with "Smoking"

Substance use

Drugs, alcohol and smoking

How is substance use relevant to people with PTSD? Drug and alcohol use, abuse, or dependence are concerns for people with mental disorders due to their association with poor clinical and social outcomes such as high rates of suicide, HIV, homelessness, aggression, and incarceration. Comorbid substance use places additional burden on patients, families, psychiatric services, and government resources due to high rates of treatment non-adherence and relapse. Tobacco smoking is also very common and poses considerable health risks, potential interference with the metabolism of psychotropic medications, and financial burden. Heavy cigarette use may contribute to the increased mortality and reduced…

Medications for smoking cessation

How is smoking related to schizophrenia? Tobacco smoking is very common among people with schizophrenia, who often show particularly heavy usage. This poses considerable health risks, may interfere with antipsychotic medications and may place a financial burden on the individual. Heavy cigarette use may contribute to the increased mortality and reduced life expectancy reported within the schizophrenia population. What is the evidence for medications for smoking cessation? Moderate quality evidence finds medium-sized effects of more smoking cessation with bupropion or varenicline than with placebo, assessed at 3-month follow-up. Varenicline also reduced the number of cigarettes smoked per day and resulted…

Smoking

What is smoking in bipolar disorder? Tobacco smoking is very common among people with a mental illness, who often show particularly heavy use. This poses considerable health risks, potential interference with the metabolism of medications, as well as financial burden for the individual. Heavy cigarette use may contribute to increased mortality and reduced life expectancy. What is the evidence for smoking? Moderate to high quality evidence suggests small to medium-sized, increased rate of smoking in people with bipolar disorder compared to the general population, and compared to people with major depression. There was a small decreased rate of smoking in…

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