Topics tagged with "Veterans"

Prevalence in soldiers and veterans

What is prevalence? Prevalence represents the overall proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder of interest. It is different from incidence, which represents only the new cases that have developed over a particular time period. Point prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder at a given point in time (e.g., at one-month post-trauma), while period prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have the disorder over specific time periods (e.g., one to two months post-trauma). Lifetime prevalence is the proportion of individuals in a population who have ever…

War and terrorism

What is prevalence? For a person to be diagnosed with PTSD, exposure to at least one trauma is required. Traumas as determined by the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) include threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, and actual or threatened sexual violence. Trauma characteristics, along with personal characteristics, influence the risk of developing PTSD. What is the evidence for the risk of PTSD in people exposed to war and terrorism? Moderate to high quality evidence finds a large effect of more post-traumatic stress symptoms in World War 2 holocaust survivors than in…

Veterans and conflict settings

What is prevalence? Prevalence quantifies the proportion of individuals in a population who have a disease during a specific time period, while incidence refers to the number of new cases of disease that develop in a population during a specific time period. In disorders of short duration, incidence and prevalence rates may be similar, however with disorders of long duration such as with schizophrenia there can be variation between the two. Does the prevalence of schizophrenia in veteran populations and conflict settings? Moderate quality evidence suggests the current prevalence of schizophrenia in elderly veterans in the USA is around 11%….

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