Depressive symptoms

What are depressive symptoms in PTSD?

Depression is characterised by a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in activities. Symptoms of depression may include changes in appetite, weight, sleep, or psychomotor activity, decreased energy, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, difficulty concentrating or making decisions, and thoughts of death or suicide. Depression may also be associated with increased hopelessness, which is the absence of positive future orientation.

This topic concentrates on the occurrence of depressive symptoms rather than depressive disorders. Please see the co-occurring conditions topic for rates of comorbid depressive disorders in people with PTSD.

What is the evidence for depressive symptoms in people with PTSD?

Moderate to high quality evidence finds a medium-sized correlation between increased PTSD symptoms and increased depressive symptoms. In North Korean refugees, the relationship was stronger in adults than in youths and stronger in refugees with more than five years than less than five years outside of North Korea, although the effect sizes were all medium-sized.

August 2021

Image: ©Helder Sousa – stock.adobe.com

Last updated at: 1:42 am, 29th August 2021
To view documentation related to this topic download the files below
Fact Sheet Technical Commentary
Tags:  Depression

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