How is loneliness related to schizophrenia?

Loneliness is a subjective experience that arises when a person perceives their relationships to be inadequate to meet their need for belonging. It affects everyone from time to time, however people with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia may be particularly vulnerable as they often report poor social networks and lower social support.

What is the evidence on loneliness?

Moderate to high quality evidence suggests increased positive symptoms, negative symptoms, depression, low perceived social support, internalised stigma, and low self-esteem are associated with increased feelings of loneliness. Moderate quality evidence suggests low quality of life, perceived discrimination, and low self-efficacy are also related to feelings of loneliness.

August 2020

Last updated at: 2:43 am, 13th August 2020
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Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.