The treatment of schizophrenia is a complicated issue requiring a treatment plan tailored to each individual’s needs, which needs to be overseen by mental health professionals. This topic covers a range of treatment options available and is extensive and sometimes controversial comprising both traditional and alternative approaches. Any information gained from this topic area needs to be discussed with a mental health professional before any changes to treatment plans are made.
Physical options for treatment include antipsychotic medications of the first or second generation, as well as the many treatments adjunctively administered such as anticonvulsants, benzodiazepines, essential fatty acids, lithium, herbal therapies, and many more. There are also non-pharmaceutical option, such as electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, and acupuncture.
Psychosocial treatment options can include cognitive and behavioural therapies, family therapy and psychoeducation, psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive remediation, and case management; as well as more alternative options such as art, drama, dance or music therapies, or hypnosis. Other therapies are targeted to specific functions, such as vocational therapy, life skills programs, housing interventions and compliance therapy.
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.