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Family relationships

How is schizophrenia impacted by family relationships?

Several familial traits have been associated with increased risk for schizophrenia. These include; familial high expressed emotion (hostility, emotional over-involvement, and critical comments); negative parental affective style (guilt induction, over-intrusiveness, and personal criticism); and communication deviance (lack of clarity in communication).

What is the evidence for family relationships?

Moderate quality evidence finds people with schizophrenia may have had poor relationships with parents during childhood, with increased family instability, high communication deviance, negative emotions, and poor self-concept.

Moderate to high quality evidence suggests increased familial expressed emotion is related to more relapses in patients.

August 2020

Last updated at: 11:27 pm, 18th August 2020
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Fact Sheet Technical Commentary

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Title Colour Legend:
Green - Topic summary is available.
Orange - Topic summary is being compiled.
Red - Topic summary has no current systematic review available.