How is distress related to PTSD?

Peritraumatic distress consists of negative emotions experienced during or shortly after a traumatic event. Responses of fear, helplessness, and horror represent a subset of peritraumatic distress reactions that currently define trauma exposure in the DSM, along with life threat. It is unclear if peritraumatic distress modulates the development or persistence of PTSD symptoms across time.

What is the evidence for distress in people with PTSD?

Moderate to high quality evidence found increased severity of PTSD symptoms was related to increased feelings of distress. There may be declines in distress over time, in particular before one-month compared to after one-month post-trauma.

August 2021

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Last updated at: 1:44 am, 29th August 2021
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Fact Sheet Technical Commentary
Tags:  Distress

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