Topics tagged with "Hypomania"

Carbamazepine

What is carbamazepine for bipolar disorder? Carbamazepine is an anticonvulsant used primarily in the treatment of seizure disorders such as epilepsy. Anticonvulsant medications influence the actions of neurotransmitters leading to a decrease in brain cell (neuron) excitability. Carbamazepine can also be used for the treatment of mania. What is the evidence for carbamazepine as a treatment for bipolar disorder? Moderate quality evidence suggests medium-sized effects of greater improvement in acute mania symptoms with carbamazepine than with placebo or topiramate. There was a large effect of greater improvement in acute mania symptoms with tamoxefin than with carbamazepine. There was more discontinuation…

Bipolar disorder

Cognition and bipolar disorder type

What is cognition and bipolar disorder type? Bipolar disorder is characterised by episodes of depression and mania. A major depressive episode is a period of at least two weeks in which a person has at least five of the following symptoms (including one of the first two): intense sadness or despair; feelings of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness; loss of interest in activities once enjoyed; feelings of guilt, restlessness or agitation; sleeping too little or too much; slowed speech or movements; changes in appetite; loss of energy; difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions; and/or thoughts of death or suicide. A manic…

Predominant polarity

What is predominant polarity in people with bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is characterised by recurrent episodes of depression and mania, hypomania, or mixed symptoms. Some, but not all, people with bipolar disorder show a predominance of either depression or manic episodes. A major depressive episode is a period of at least two weeks in which a person has at least five of the following symptoms (including one of the first two): intense sadness or despair; feelings of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness; loss of interest in activities once enjoyed; feelings of guilt, restlessness or agitation; sleeping too little or too much;…

Mood cycling

What is mood cycling in bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is characterised by recurrent episodes of depression and mania or hypomania. The duration of mood episodes varies from several days to several months, with usually a period of remission in between. The frequency of mood changes (cycling) also varies, with four or more episodes per year classified as rapid cycling. A depressive episode is a period of at least two weeks when a person has at least five of the following symptoms, including one of the first two. Intense sadness or despair; feelings of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness; loss of interest…

Bipolar disorder

Mixed symptoms

What are mixed symptoms in bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is characterised by recurrent episodes of depression and mania. Some people with bipolar disorder also show episodes of mixed symptoms or states. Mixed states involves having three or more manic/hypomanic symptoms within a depressive episode, or depressive symptoms within a manic/hypomanic episode. A depressive episode is at least two weeks in which a person has at least five of the following symptoms. Intense sadness or despair; feelings of helplessness, hopelessness or worthlessness; loss of interest in activities once enjoyed; feelings of guilt, restlessness or agitation; sleeping too little or too much;…

Mania

Mania

What are mania symptoms in bipolar disorder? A manic episode is a period of at least one week when a person is high spirited or irritable in an extreme way most of the day for most days. A manic episode involves changes in normal behaviour, including showing exaggerated self-esteem or grandiosity, less need for sleep, talking more than usual, talking more loudly and quickly, being easily distracted, doing many activities at once, scheduling more events in a day than can be accomplished, embarking on risky behaviour, uncontrollable racing thoughts, and/or quickly changing ideas or topics. These changes in behaviour are…

Bipolar disorder diagnosis

Diagnosis

How is a diagnosis of bipolar disorder made? Bipolar disorder is characterised by episodes of mania or less severe hypomania, and depression. Bipolar I disorder is determined by the existence of mania, which may include psychotic features, while bipolar II disorder is determined by less severe hypomania. Cyclothymic disorder is an overall milder form of bipolar disorder, however symptoms occur fairly often and constantly.  A manic episode is at least one week of extremely high spirited or irritableness most of the time. There are changes in normal behaviour. These include exaggerated self-esteem/grandiosity, less sleep, talking more, talking loudly and quickly, being…

NeuRA Libraries

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