Topics tagged with "Personality"

Personality and temperament

How are personality and temperament related to risk of PTSD? Personality and temperament are thought to be relatively stable over time. One of the main personality models includes five traits of; 1) neuroticism: vulnerability to emotional instability and self-consciousness, 2) extraversion: predisposition towards sociability, assertiveness, and social interaction, 3) openness: cognitive disposition to new experiences, creativity, and aesthetics, 4) agreeableness: tendency towards being sympathetic, trusting, and altruistic, and 5) conscientiousness: tendency towards dutifulness and competence. A maladaptive combination of personality and temperament traits may constitute a risk factor for the development of psychological dysfunctions. Moreover, temperament traits are considered one…

Personality and temperament

How are personality and temperament related to PTSD? Personality and temperament are thought to be relatively stable over time. A maladaptive combination of personality and temperament traits may constitute a risk factor for the development of psychological dysfunctions. Temperament traits are considered one of the most important moderators of the relationship between stress and psychopathology. What is the evidence regarding personality and temperament in people with PTSD? Moderate to high quality evidence found small relationships between increased PTSD symptoms and increased emotional reactivity and perseveration. There were also small relationships between increased PTSD symptoms and decreased traits of endurance, briskness,…

Personality disorders

What are personality disorders in bipolar disorder? Personality disorders are enduring patterns of behaviours, thoughts and feelings that deviate from social norms. Many people exhibit these behaviours, thoughts or feelings occasionally, but deviations that persist across situations and cause significant distress and impairment are considered disorders. There are a number of different personality disorders. These include; antisocial personality disorder (disregard for the rights of others); schizoid personality disorder (detachment of social interactions and limited emotional expression); schizotypal personality disorder (discomfort of close relationships, cognitive distortions and eccentric behaviour); paranoid personality disorder (distrust and suspiciousness of others); borderline personality disorder (self-harming,…

Personality and temperament

What is personality and temperament in bipolar disorder? Personality and temperament are relatively stable over time and include innate emotional, reactive, and attentional traits. These traits may differ according to genetic differences and the extent of the risk a person has to psychiatric disorders. What is the evidence for personality and temperament in people with bipolar disorder? Compared to controls Moderate to high quality evidence finds large effects of more harm avoidance, highs and lows, depression, irritability, and anxiousness. There is also less self-directedness and excessive positive mood compared to people without the disorder. Medium-sized effects were found of more…

Personality and temperament

What is personality and temperament in people with schizophrenia? Personality and temperament are thought to be relatively stable over time and include emotional, reactive, and attentional traits. Studies assessing personality and temperament use “positive” stimuli, which generates pleasurable emotional states, “negative” stimuli evokes avoidant, threat, sadness, or other negative emotional states, and “neutral” stimuli generally provokes no response. Hedonic and aversive emotions refer to the positive or negative emotions following stimuli presentation. One of the main personality models is the Five-Factor Model which includes five traits of; 1) neuroticism: vulnerability to emotional instability and self-consciousness, 2) extraversion: predisposition towards sociability,…

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